Power and Participatory Development: Theory and Practice
This text is intended to be of use to academics, students, and all
involved with courses in development studies, anthropology and
sociology. In addition it should prove useful to agencies and
practitioners involved in participatory-style development or
research initiatives world-wide.
Nici Nelson, PhD, is Lecturer in Social Anthropology at Goldsmiths College, University of London. She combines interest in action anthropology with her academic interest in gender, urbanization and development in Africa, with a specific focus on East Africa and the Horn. She carries out short term consultancies with various non-government organizations, such as ERA and ACORD.
Notes on contributors vii Preface xi PART ONE: INTRODUCTION 1. Participation and power NICI NELSON (Goldsmiths College, London) and SUSAN WRIGHT (University of Sussex) 1 PART TWO: THEORETICAL PROGRESS 2. Participation and power: a transformative feminist research perspective JOKE SCHRUVERS (University of Amsterdam) 19 3. Paradigm shifts and the practice of participatory research and development ROBERT CHAMBERS (University of Sussex) 30 4. Participatory research and participant observation: two incompatible approaches SUSAN WRIGHT (University of Sussex) and Nici NELSON (Goldsmiths College London) 43 PART THREE: POWER AND METHODS OF PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH 5. Theatre for development: listening to the community ALEX MAVROCORDATOS and PATHIKA MARTIN (SOS Sahel) 61 6. A multi-method approach to the study of homelessness FATIMA AKILU (University of Reading) 72 7. Farmers as analysts, facilitators and decision-makers PARMESH SHAH (University of Sussex) 83 8. Who speaks for whom? Outsiders re-present women pioneers of the forests of Mexico JANET TOWNSEND (University of Durham) 95 9. Participatory research on non-European immigration to Italy VANESSA MAHER (University of Turin) 105 PART FOUR: 'COMMUNITY' AND 'USER' PARTICIPATION: NEGOTIATING LOCAL AND BUREAUCRATIC POWER 10. Power to the people: rethinking community development DONALD CURTIS (University of Birmingham) 115 11. Shifting power, sharing power: issues from user-group forestry in Nepal JANE GRONOW (University of Reading) 125 12. Empowerment and community care for older people KEVIN F. MEETHAN (University of Humberside) 133 13. Local institutions and power: the history and practice of community management of tank irrigation systems in south India DAVID MOSSE (University College, Swansea) 144 PART FIVE: 'PARTICIPATION' IN THE LANGUAGE AND PRACTICE OF GOVERNMENTAL AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS 14. Institutionalizing adaptive planning and local level concerns: Looking to the future JULES N. PRETTY and IAN SCOONES (International Institute for Environment and Development, London) 157 15. Participatory ideology and practical development: agency control in a fisheries project, Kariba Lake KARIM HUSSEIN (University of Sussex) 170 16. Non-governmental organizations and participatory development: the concept in theory versus the concept in practice JACQUELINE LANE (Charities Aid Foundation) 181 17. Popular participation in aid-assisted projects: why more in theory than practice? ROSALIND EYBEN (Overseas Development Administration) and SARAH LADBURY (Consultant) 192 Notes 201 References 207