Islam, Secularism and Nationalism in Modern Turkey
It is commonly believed that during the interwar period, Kemalist
secularism successfully eliminated religion from the public sphere
in Turkey, leaving Turkish national identity devoid of religious
content. However, through its examination of the impact of the
Ottoman millet system on Turkish and Balkan nationalisms, this book
presents a different view point. Cagaptay demonstrates that the
legacy of the Ottomon millet system which divided the Ottoman
population into religious compartments called millets, shaped
Turkey's understanding of nationalism in the interwar period.
Providing a compelling examination of why and how religion shapes
national identity in Turkey and the Balkans the book covers topics
including: * Turkish nationalism * the Ottoman legacy * Kemalist
citizenship policies and immigration * Kurds, Muslims and Jews and
the ethno-religious limits of Turkishness. Incorporating documents
from untapped Turkish archives, this book is essential reading for
scholars and students with research interests in Turkey, Turkish
nationalism and Middle East history.
'There is no question that Cagaptay - a highly intelligent, serious, soul-searching, and inquisitive scholar - has put his finger on several crucial issues in Turkish political and cultural life.' - Kemal H. Karpat, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 39 No. 2, May 2007 '...it stands apart from some of the previous works on the subject by its in-depth and judicious analysis based on a careful reading of the available archival evidence' - Sabri Sayari, Sabanci University, Istanbul, Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, Winter 2007
Soner Cagaptay is senior fellow and director of the Turkish Research Program at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, a Washington-based think tank. His research interests include U.S.-Turkish relations and modern Turkish history.
Introduction: Turkish Nationalism Today 1. From the Muslim Millet to the Turkish Nation: The Ottoman Legacy 2. Secularism, Kemalist Nationalism, Turkishness, and the Minorities in the 1920s 3. Kemalism Par Excellence in the 1930s: The Rise of Turkish Nationalism 4. Who is a Turk? Kemalist Citizenship Policies 5. Secularized Islam Defines Turkishness: Kurds and Other Muslims as Turks 6. Ethno-Religious Limits of Turkishness: Christians Excluded from the Nation 7. Jews in the 1930s: Turks or Not? Conclusion: Understanding Turkish Nationalism in Modern Turkey: The Kemalist Legacy