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Hemsworth is a parliamentary constituency in West Yorkshire,
represented in the House of Commons. It elects one Member of
Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The
constituency comprises former coal mining towns and villages and
has consistently elected Labour MPs with large majorities for
generations. At the February 1974 general election, Hemsworth was
the safest seat for any party, anywhere in the UK: the Labour vote
peaked in 1966 at 85.39%, and consistently exceeded 80% from 1935
until the Liberal Party contested the seat in October 1974, for the
first time since 1923. Successive boundary changes (the removal of
a large number of mining communities to the new Barnsley East
constituency in 1983 and the addition of the most middle class part
of Wakefield in 1997) have reduced Labour's dominance, but the
constituency remains a stronghold.