Epidemiology of human rabies with reference to animal bite
Human rabies is cent percent fatal disease of antiquity. It is
acute encephalitis with fatal outcome and no effective
cure.Prevention by immunization is the onlysolution as on date and
the problem assumes significance due to fact that India continues
to contribute 4 out of 5 rabies deaths in the world.Present study
revealed the number of animal bite cases is on increasing trend
while number of human rabies patient was static. There was uneven
and irregular monthly distribution of human rabies patients.Males
were more vulnerable than females.Children rabies cases were
crucial as more number cases were converted into rabies cases.
Rural and illiterate people were mostly victims. People working in
fields i.e. farmers and labour are affected most is noteworthy.It
was crystal clear that dog bitten cases were highest among animal
bite as well as rabies cases. Class III degree bite was at most
risk to get converted into human rabies cases.95% of victims were
not taken any post-bite vaccination.Hydrophobia and aerophobia were
pathognomonic signs shown by all victims.4.5% cases died of
neuroparalysis due to Nerve tissue vaccination complication.
Dr. Arvind Kumar,Ph.D, Assisstant professor at Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and animal husbandry, Sher-e- Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology.Published 41 papers,formulated 8 teachng manuals and 5 invited lectures. Guided 7 post-graduate as Major advisor.